Skip to main content

Our Blog

Gymnastics and Injury Prevention Exercises

Gymnastics Gymnastics require total body balance, flexibility, agility, strength, power, and endurance. Nearly all routines require the arms as its main source of performance. Therefore, it is of foremost importance to have shoulder strength, flexibility, and power with any gymnastic movement. Supraphysiologic loads are routinely subjected by the shoulders during any gymnastic maneuver. The loads are not just simply body weight bearing forces; but because of accelerating body movements, the effective force can be multiplied by three times body weight. Nearly 30% of all competitive gymnasts have suffered shoulder ailments … Continue Reading


The Basics Fencing is a combat Olympic sport of three disciplines— the foil, the épée, and the sabre. Each discipline uses a different kind of weapon, has its own set of rules, and particularly, a different valid target zone on the opponent’s body for scoring. The foil has a total length of 110cm (3.6 ft), with a maximum weight of 500g (17.6 oz). The épée has a total length of 110cm, with a maximum weight of 770g (27 oz). The sabre has a total length of 105cm (3.4 ft), with … Continue Reading

Team Handball

Team handball is an Olympic sport. They are exhilarating, fast-paced and high-scoring games with professional teams typically averaging 30 goals by each team in a standard match of two periods of 30 minutes. The team with the most number of balls thrown into the goal of the other team wins. Handballs weigh around 16 oz (454 g) for adult males and 12 oz (340 g) for adult females. For boys under age 12 or girls under 14, the balls weigh around 11 oz (312 g). Handball tournaments are incredibly action-packed … Continue Reading

Tommy John In Baseball

Tommy John is the eponym for the surgical procedure performed to reconstruct the medial ulnar collateral ligament (MUCL) on the inner aspect of the elbow. This procedure was first conceived of by LA Dodgers team orthopaedic surgeon, Dr Frank Jobe, in 1974 on Dodgers baseball pitcher Tommy John. Tommy John was able to resume pitching for the Dodgers 18 months later, in 1976. He continued 14 more successful seasons on various teams until retirement in 1989, with 164 wins after surgery. Although Tommy John failed to be elected to the … Continue Reading

3 Symptoms Suggesting A Rotator Cuff Tear

If you are over 30 years old, chances are greater than 30% at one time or another you have experienced some type of shoulder discomfort. All human beings can relate to whether it was a transient sting in the shoulder after a sudden tug or fall, or a lingering nagging ache that just does not seem to go away. You don’t have to be an athlete to experience shoulder pain. Second to back pain, shoulder pain is the most common musculoskeletal problem seen by health care professionals in this country. … Continue Reading

The Surfer’s Rotator Cuff Exercise

The ability to catch a wave is to get into position for that wave. Getting to that sweet spot is predicated on the ability to paddle to that spot. However, the ability to paddle is dependent upon shoulder power and maneuverability. ShoulderSphere movement-simulation functional rotator cuff strengthening technique is the most effective and efficient way to train the power required by the rotator cuff muscles to stabilize the shoulder while allowing rapid acceleration and deceleration multidirectional movements demanded when paddling to that sweet spot. Elastic bands and dumbbells are used … Continue Reading

Shoulder Injury Prevention for Baseball Players

The Problem The Holy Grail for MLB teams is the 100 mph pitch. Once a luxury, now a necessity. In fact, probably each MLB team has one flame-hurler who can dazzle the crowd with such a performance. Spectators used to be awed by home runs, now their eyes are glued on the stadium radar gun reading of a 100-mph pitch as the slam dunk of baseball everyone wants to see. No less impressive are those laser projectile throws by positional players, sometimes in midair under compromised body positions. Baseball is … Continue Reading

Outlast Your Opponent: Strengthen Your Weak Link

baseball player throwing a pitch

Competitive sports place supra-physiologic loads on the shoulder. Just by simply raising the arm up from the side of the body to reach overhead, 2the rotator cuff is encountering a force nearly equivalent of one’s own body weight due to bio-mechanical forces across the shoulder joint. In extraordinary stressful events such as power lifting, the rotator cuff may face up to more than 7 times body weight. Elite baseball pitchers may experience a distraction force of over 200 pounds in the shoulder after the ball is thrown. Professional male tournament … Continue Reading

Smart Exercise: When Less is More

woman lifting weights

Exercise should be goal oriented, efficient, and effective. Shoulder exercises commonly employ weight training. These exercises comprise one of four linear motions – push, pull, lift, and press. Something has to give when two opposing forces meet. The weight ( e.g. barbell) will move if the shoulder is strong. If the weight is overpowering, the shoulder gives way , resulting in injury. Shoulders fail due to weaker small rotator cuff muscles unable to stabilize the shoulder joint under stress. The importance of well-engaged rotator cuff muscles cannot be over emphasized, … Continue Reading

Can You Avoid Shoulder Injuries : The Role of the Rotator Cuff

Shoulder injuries can occur in one of two ways. Those related to recreational activity and those not related to recreational activity. Non-recreational injuries such as trauma or accidents are unpredictable and difficult to prevent. We can , however, prepare our shoulders to minimize recreational-activity related injuries. More than 25% of all patients seeking medical help each year due to shoulder pain sustained injuries in the gym or in the sports arena. More than 20 % of all sports injuries involve the shoulder. After knee injuries , which is the most … Continue Reading